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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2008;14(3):277-284.
Gender Role Identity and Depression in Female Adolescents.
Jong Hwa Lee
Kunsan College of Nursing, ljh@kcn.ac.kr
PURPOSE: This study was done to identify types of gender role identity in female adolescents and to investigate the relationship between types of gender role identity and depression. METHOD: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using convenience sampling. Data were collected through self report questionnaires from 1,497 female high school students in Seoul. Data were analyzed using SPSS 10.0 program. RESULTS: The androgyny gender role identity was most common (33.9%). Of the types of gender role identity that had a significant relationship with depression. androgyny gender role identity had the lowest significant relationship to level of depression level, followed by masculinity, femininity, and undifferentiated type. CONCLUSION: It is necessary that nurses provide interventions to help female adolescents develop gender role identity toward androgyny.
Key words: Depression; Gender identity; Gender role
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