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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 18(1):2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2012;18(1):1-8.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2012.18.1.1
Effects of an Empowerment Program on Nicotine Dependency, Temptation, Self-esteem, Depression in Adolescents Who Smoke.
Nam Hee Park
Department of Nursing, Institute for Health Science Research, Inje University, Busan, Korea. parknh@inje.ac.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of an empowerment program on nicotine dependency, temptation, self-esteem, and depression for adolescents who smoke. METHODS: The study design was a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group, pre-post design. The participants were 49 adolescents who smoked. Twenty-six adolescents were assigned to the experimental group and 23 to the control group. The intervention was conducted twice a week for 6 weeks. Chi-square test, t-test, paired-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: After program, scores for self-esteem (t=5.560, p=.014), were significantly higher and scores for depression (t=-2.111, p=.040) were significantly lower for adolescents in the experimental group compared to adolescents in the control group. CONCLUSION: The finding indicate that the empowerment group training program was effective in improving self-esteem, and decreasing depression and could be considered as a positive program for smoking cessation for adolescents who smoke.
Key words: Adolescent; Smoking; Nicotine; Self-esteem; Depression
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