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Korean Journal of Child Health Nursing 2000;6(3):362-371.
Stressor, Coping Style, Communication with Mother & School Adaptation in 6th Grade Elementary School Children.
Youn Lan Hong
Department of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors, coping styles , communication with mother, school adaptation and predictors for school adaptation. The subjects of this study consisted of 354 children. They were 6th grade of elementary school in Taegu city. The periods of study was from march 10, to march 18, 2000. Data were analyzed by SAS computer programme. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score for stressor was 39.91 in children(range 24-72). The higher stressor among three subgroups of stressor was mass media stressor. The degree of stressor revealed to be influenced significantly economic status. 2. The most frequently used coping style was problem-oriented coping style(M=18.94) in children. The degree of emotion-oriented coping style revealed to be influenced significantly family's atmosphere 3.The mean score for communication with mother was 72,44 in children(range 20- 100). The degree of communication with mother revealed to be influenced significantly sex, economic status, family' atmosphere. 4. The mean score for school adaptation was 62.48 in children(range 25-100). The higher school adaptation among five subgroup was rule dimension. The degree of school adaptation revealed to be influenced significantly sex, birth, mother's job, economic status, family's atmosphere. 5. School adaptation were positively correlated with communication with mother, problem- oriented coping style(r=0.40 p < 0.001) (r=0.30 p < 0.001). 6. School adaptation were negatively correlated with emotion-oriented coping style, stressor (r=-0.16 p < 0.01)(r=-0.13 p < 0.01). 7. Forward multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor was the variable communication with mother accounted for 15.25% in school adaptation. All variables accounted for 25.55% in school adaptation. From the above results, it can be concluded that teaching mother about importance of communication, encouraging to use problem- oriented coping style is necessary to improve school adaptation in 6th grade elementary school children.
Key words: Stressor; Coping style; Communication with mother; School adaptation
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