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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2006;12(2):215-222.
The Effects of Character Distraction on Intravenous Injection Pain of Hospitalized Preschooler.
Ok Woo Lim, Kyoul Ja Cho
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Korea. chokj@khu.ac.kr
PURPOSE: This study was done to identify the effects of distraction generated by character on the reduction of intravenous injection pain. METHOD: This study was conducted using a quasi experimental non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. Sixty preschool children who were admitted to the pediatric department in a C university hospital were selected and were assigned. by convenience assignment to the experimental or control group. The two groups were homogeneous for demographic characteristics. RESULTS: In the experimental group, objective pain(t=3.666, p=.001), subjective pain (t=3.415, p=.001) and perceived pain by the mother(t=2.528, p=0.014) decreased after the intravenous injections as compared to the control group. There were no statistical significant differences in pulse rate or fear between the experimental and the control group. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that using character stamp and stickers could be considered as an independent nursing intervention for reduction of intravenous injection pain in preschooler.
Key words: Pain; Character; Distraction
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