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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2008;14(2):163-175.
Contents Analysis of First Aid in Elementary, Middle and High School Textbooks.
Shin Jeong Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Kyung Ah Kang, Mi Kyung Song, Eun Young Chang, Sung Hee Kim
1Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. ksj@hallym.ac.kr
2Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Dongnam Health College, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Samyook University, Korea.
4School Nurse, DongChun Elementary School, Korea.
5Reach Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Korea.
6Post Doctoral Research Fellow, University of Michigan, Korea.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to develop first aid education programs for elementary, middle and high school students. METHOD: Forty nine textbooks adopted by first to six grade elementary schools and first to third grade of both middle and high schools were analyzed for content on first aid. RESULTS: 1) First aid content was covered only in courses onand 2) Content on first aid was included in the categories, 'General of first aid', 'Rescue & moving', 'Fire & Burns', 'Cardiopulmonary resuscitation', 'Musculoskeletal injuries', 'Thermal injuries', 'Wounds', 'Removing foreign bodies', 'Disaster & Accidents' and 'Others'. Categories that were not included were 'Poisoning' and 'Bites'. The content did not follow a progression related to the level of intellectual and physical development of the students. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the content on first aid should be revised to be practical and rational for the benefits of student safety.
Key words: First aid; Elementary school; Middle school; High school; Textbook
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