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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2008;14(3):285-294.
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Atopic Dermatitis in Pre-school and School Aged Children.
Yun Mi Lee, Seon Wook Hwang
1Department of Nursing, Inje University, Research Institute of Geriatric Health, Korea. lym312@inje.ac.kr
2Department of Dermatology, Inje University, Korea.
PURPOSE: This study was done to estimate the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and its risk factors for AD in children living in the community. METHOD: Random samples of 10,236 were selected from 43 kindergarten (1,418) and 57 elementary (8,718) students in K city. Data from 1,079 (kindergarten children) and 7,271 (elementary) students were used in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISSAC) questionnaire was used in this cross-sectional survey. Parents answered the survey questionnaire. RESULTS: The lifetime and last 12-month prevalence of AD were 40.15%; 30.86% in kindergarten children and 33.56%; 25.37% in elementary children. The lifetime and last 12-month prevalence of AD diagnosis were 40.8%; 18.68% in kindergarten children and 34.36%; 12.63% in elementary children. The lifetime prevalence of AD treatment was 25.93% in kindergarten children and 22.07% in elementary children. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that risk factors for AD were age, allergic disease, age of house, carpets, pets. CONCLUSION: The study suggests that prevalence of AD has increased among children in the community. These data can be used to manage possible risk factors that are predictors of childhood AD.
Key words: Atopic dermatitis; Child; Prevalence; Risk factor
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