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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2008;14(4):388-395.
Health Promoting Behaviors and Influencing Factors in Middle School Students: Focus on Optimism and Pessimism.
Namsun Kim, Mikyung Kwon
Department of Nursing, Kwandong University, Korea. mkkwon@kd.ac.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify predictors of behavior that promotes health in middle school students. METHOD: The participants for this study were 361 students from one middle school, located in Gangwon province. The data were collected by a questionnaire given to the students. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The highest score for behavior promoting health was refraining illegal substances abuse. There was a significant positive correlation between behavior promoting health and optimism. There was a significant reverse correlation between behavior promoting health and pessimism, and also between optimism and pessimism. The predictors of behavior promoting health in middle school students were optimism, school life, pessimism, school record, grade, and smoking. These factors explained 25.7% of the total variance and the most powerful predictor was optimism (15.5%). CONCLUSION: The findings from this study, indicate a need to develop a nursing intervention programs to promote health behavior in middle school students including the promotion of optimism.
Key words: Health promotion; Personality; Students
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