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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 15(1):2009 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2009;15(1):61-70.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2009.15.1.61
Health Promotion Life Profile of Normal-Weight and Obese Children in Elementary Schools.
Insook Cho, Miwon Kim, Inhyae Park, Hyunsook Ryu, Seoyoung Kang
1Department of Nursing, Kwangju Women's University, Korea. chois@mail.kwu.ac.kr
2College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Chonnam National University Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Seonam University, Korea.
4Department of Nursing, Gwangju Health College, Korea.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the Health Promotion Life Profile of normal-weight and obese children, and factors related to obesity in elementary school children, and provide basic data for the development an obesity management program for these children. METHOD: The survey participants were 878 fourth to sixth grade elementary school children in Gwangju. chi-square-test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS program were used to analyze the collected data. RESULTS: The Health Promotion Life Profile showed significant differences between normal-weight and obese groups according to food habits (t=3.305, p= .001) and exercise habits (t=-4.065, p=< .001). The Health Promotion Life Profile of obese children was also significantly different according to interest in weight control (F=3.044, p= .050), regular breakfast (F=3.699, p= .014), regular meals (F=6.868, p= .002). The multiple logistic regression analysis, showed that factors in obesity were significantly different according to gender, interest in weight control, fast eating, overeating and predilection for some food. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that items on Health Promotion Life Profile such as food habits and exercise habits should be included in education programs to prevent obesity in elementary school children.
Key words: Obesity; Children; Health promotion; Food habits; Exercise
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