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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 16(4):2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2010;16(4):249-258.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2010.16.4.249
Research Trends on Parent-Child Relationships from the Perspective of Nursing.
Mi Ran Kim, Young Hee Park, Eun Sook Park
College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. greenbeauty@hanmail.net
PURPOSE: This study was done to provide a basis for future theory development by analyzing the phenomenon of parent-child relationships based on the 4 areas described by Kim (2000). METHODS: A descriptive research design was used to identify research trends in nursing related to the phenomenon of parent-child relationships. RESULTS: Before 1990, the trend in research design was quantitative designs, but since 1990, qualitative research has also been done. Mothers were the most popular research target for these studies followed by mothers and children together. In analyzing the 4 areas outlined by Kim (2000), it was found that most of the research was done on client domain and parents. The research concepts relevant to the essentialistic concept of research target, were 'child rearing', 'breast-feeding' and 'attachment'. For problematic concepts, the concept of 'stress' was continuously dealt with over the period and for the health-care experiential concept, 'adjustment' and 'coping' by parents were the main focus of research. CONCLUSION: The results show that parent-child relationship research was mainly concentrated on research participants and concepts. In the future, improvements should be made in research development of nursing practice programs and development of theory, to address the complete phenomenon of parent-child relationships.
Key words: Parent-child relations; Child rearing
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