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Korean Journal of Child Health Nursing 2002;8(1):55-66.
A Survey on doing Weaning Activities of First-time Mother.
In Sun Jang, Kyung Ja June, Eun Ok Park, Kun Sei Lee
1Dep. of Nursing, Konkuk University, Korea. agape90@korea.com
2Dep. of Nursing, Sooncheonhyang University, Korea.
3Dep. of Nursing, Cheju National University, Korea.
4Dep. of Preventive Medicine, Konkuk University, Korea.
It is an important task to give adequate nutritions to infants and to wean properly for rapid growth. This study was conducted to survey on doing the weaning activities of the first-time mother. This study was to provide basic data of health teaching and nursing intervention for the promotion of ideal weaning activities. Survey was done from January to February in 2001. Total 444 mothers who have first-time baby under twelve month old were interviwed in five community health center around contry (Seoul, Choung-ju, Asan, Cheon-an, Jeju). The results are summarized as follows; Starting time of weaning was common in four month old(40.4%). Most common daily weaning times by age showed once(under 3 months), twice(4 to 7 months), three times(8 to 12 months). The younger, the more commercial weaning products(p < 0.01). Education level showed relatively positive relation with home-made weaning food(p < 0.05). Items showed low scores in 4 to 7 months group were starting new food item, waiting at least one week interval to new food, feeding by milk bottle, allowing grasping spoon, consulting pediatrician for problems after weaning, starting from morning, regular schedule. Items showed low scores in 8 to 12 months group were feeding whole egg rather than yolk only up to 12 months, keeping weaning interval were increased, feeding by milk bottle, trying various cooking method, not giving commerical cooking and instant food and unproper raw milk feeding. In weaning activities by general factors, mother age, health status, marriage duration, monthly income were statistically significant (p < 0.05). To improve good weening activities, targetting on low maternal age and poor health status, and low income group, developing teaching materials and training program for items showed low scores and proper weaning time, type of easy home-made food and easy cooking method should be provided. Further study on effect of nursing intervention to improve weaning activities are needed.
Key words: First-time Mother; Weaning activity
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