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Korean Journal of Child Health Nursing 2005;11(1):125-131.
The Effects of Massage on Stress Hormone in Premature Infants.
Kyung Hee Yoo
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Korea. kyunghee@sch.ac.kr
PURPOSE: This study was done to evaluate the effects of massage on the level of stress hormone in the urine in preterm infants. METHOD: The design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design quasi experimental study. Fifty-eight preterm infants were assigned to the experimental(31) or control group(27). The data were collected from March 2002 to August 2003. The massage stimulation was provided to infants in the experimental group for 15-minutes twice a day for 10 days. On day 1 and day 10 of the study, a 24 hour-urine sample was collected for norepinephrine, epinephrine, and cortisol assays. In data analysis, SPSSWIN 10.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, ANOVA and t-test. RESULTS: General characteristics of the two groups showed no significant differences, thus the two groups were found to be homogenous. The 24 hour-urine cortisol of the massage group (t=4.61, p=.000) was significantly reduced compared to the control group after 10 days. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the massage stimulation can be used to reduce 24 hour-urine cortisol in preterm infants. Therefore, massage provided in the incubator is recommended for reduction of stress in preterm infants who are hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units.
Key words: Premature; Massage; Stress hormone
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