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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2007;13(3):308-317.
Development of an Instrument to Measure Meaning of Life(MOL) for Higher Grade Primary School Children.
Kyung Ah Kang, Shin Jeong Kim, Mi Kyung Song, Songyong Sim, Sung Hee Kim
1Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. kimsj@hallym.ac.kr
3AnKang Elementary School, Korea.
4Hallym University, Korea.
5Arizona State University, USA.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a MOL instrument for school-age children in grades 4 through 6. METHOD: The research design was a methodological study. A four-phase design involved. 1) Interview data generated from professors, nurses, and elementary school students (n=8). 2) Content validation by expert panel (n=14) 3) Initial items corrected by elementary school students (n=20) 4) Instrument validation by survey (n=574). Finally, 24 items were chosen as a meaning of life scale for late school-age children. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 24 items was .893 indicated a high internal consistency of the instrument, 2) Through factor analysis, 5 factors were extracted. These factors were labeled as 'relational experience', 'positive attitude', 'satisfaction/ hope', 'pursuit of goal', and experience of family love. These factors explained 52.311% of the total variance. CONCLUSION: The MOL scale for late school-age children can be used in nursing programs to improve the meaning of life. Studies on difference in meaning of life for late school-age children are needed for reverification.
Key words: Life; Child
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