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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 21(1):2015 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2015;21(1):1-10.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2015.21.1.1
Relations of Postpartum Depression with Socio-Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Preterm Infants and Mothers.
Kyung Sook Bang, Hyun Ju Kang, Mi Kyung Kwon
1College of Nursing and The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. hyju98@snu.ac.kr
3Department of Nursing, Catholic Kwandong University, Gangneung, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to explore relationships of postpartum depression with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of preterm infants and mothers. METHODS: Participants were the mothers of 80 premature infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Postpartum depression was measured using the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Clinical characteristics were examined through the medical records. The physiological state for the infants was evaluated using the revised Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS). Data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Average for EPDS was 9.75+/-5.06, and 30% of the participants were at high risk for postpartum depression. There were significant differences in postpartum depression according to mother's education level (F=3.493, p=.035), economic state (F=5.828, p=.004), multiple pregnancy (t=2.141, p=.037), chorioamnionitis (t=2.349, p=.021), oligohydramnios (t=-2.226, p=.029), broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (t=2.085, p=.040), germinal matrix hemorrhage (t=2.259, p=.027), and revised NBRS (t=-2.772, p=.007). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and number of health problem of infants (r=.252, p=.024) and revised NBRS (r=.316, p=.004). CONCLUSION: As 30% of the mothers with preterm infants were at high risk for postpartum depression, they require attention. When providing interventions, socioeconomic status as well as the physiological state of premature infants should be considered.
Key words: Postpartum depression; Premature infant; Mothers
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