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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2006;12(2):244-252.
Predictors of Resilience for High School Adolescents.
Kyoung A Nam, Ji Young Lim, Hee Young Song
1School of Nursing, Hanzhong University, Korea.
2Division of Nursing, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea. songhy@yonsei.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the relationship between resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths and to explore predictors of resilience in high school adolescents. METHOD: The participants in this study were 296 high school adolescents residing in two urban areas in Korea. The students completed self-report questionnaires measuring Resilience (Jew et al., 1997), Coping Mechanism (Carver et al., 1989), Social Support (Lee, 1997) and Family Strengths (Olson, 1982). RESULTS: Socio-demographic characteristics of the students were found to influence resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths. The results showed that resilience, problem-focused coping, social support and family strengths were correlated positively and self-esteem support, problem-focused coping, sibling's and mother's help, and instrumental support were the predictors of resilience in these students. CONCLUSION: We found there were specific attributes of individual, social and family factors which predict resilience for adolescents in school. These results suggest further study to investigate the relationship between stress and resilience, identify other predictors of resilience for Korean students, and to examine whether protective factors for adolescents' problem behaviors have a similar influence on resilience.
Key words: High school adolescents; Resilience; coping mechanism; Social support; Family strengths
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