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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 16(1):2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2010;16(1):20-29.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2010.16.1.20
Development and Evaluation of a Safety Education Program for Injury Prevention in Elementary School Students.
Shin Jeong Kim
Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea. ksj@hallym.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the effects of a safety education injury prevention program in elementary school students. METHODS: To develop the safety education program, Dick & Carey's teaching model and Keller's ARCS theory were applied. A safety education programs was developed for lower grade students (1st-3rd) and for higher grade students (4th-6th). To evaluate the effect of the safety education program, a pre-post test questionnaire was used with experimental and control groups. The participants were 238 (119 in the experimental group, 119 in the control group) lower (3th) grade and 296 (148 in the experimental group, 148 in the control group) higher (5th) grade elementary school students. For students in each experimental group, safety education was provided for 40 min once a week for 10 weeks. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the level of injury prevention knowledge, attitude, and practice between the experimental group and control group in both the lower and higher grade elementary students. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicate that safety education is an effective nursing intervention to improve injury prevention knowledge, attitude, and practice in elementary school students.
Key words: Safety; Injury; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Students
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