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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 18(3):2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2012;18(3):150-156.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2012.18.3.150
Factors associated with Maternal-fetal Attachment of Expectant Mothers Whose Fetus Has a Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease.
Yu Mi Im, Eun Sook Kim, Il Young Yoo
1Congenital Heart Disease Center, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. iyoo@yuhs.ac
Abstract
PURPOSE: The main purposes of this study were to assess maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) of the expectant mothers of a fetus with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and to identify factors associated with MFA. METHODS: The methodology was a cross sectional survey study using a self-administered questionnaire. Thirty pregnant women carrying a fetus with a prenatal diagnosis of CHD and 30 pregnant women with a normal fetus were enrolled in this study. The MFA Scale and PPS (The Prenatal Psychosocial Profile) were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 Window version. Descriptive statistics, chi2-test and t-test were used to compare the two groups. The factors associated with MFA were identified by multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in MFA and social support from spouse was the only variable showing a significant difference. The model from the multiple regression analysis explained 33.8% of MFA for both groups. CONCLUSION: MFA of expectant mothers with a prenatal diagnosis of CHD and of mothers with a normal fetus were not significantly different. It is important that health care providers encourage expectant fathers to support the expectant mothers to increase MFA.
Key words: Congenital heart disease; Maternal-fetal relations; Social support; Nursing
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