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Korean Journal of Child Health Nursing 1999;5(3):358-368.
Parent-child Relationship, Perceived Social Support and Coping in Late Adolescents.
Eun Young Lee, Young Ran Tak
1Chinju Health College, Dept. of Nursing, Korea.
2Hanyang University, Dept. of Nursing, Korea.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to identify of parent-child relationship, perceived social support and coping of female in late adolescents and its relationships. The underlying assumption is that parent-child relationship based on internal working cognition affects on perceived social support and coping. The sample was consisted of 277 female students of college. The instruments used in this study were Parental bonding instrument (PBI)(Parker, Tupling & Brown, 1979), Personal resources questionnaire : PRQ-part II (Weinert & Brant, 1987), and Way of coping (Folkman & Lazarus, 1985). The data was analyzed using frequencies, correlation coefficient, ANOVA, and t-test. As a result, perceived social support correlated positively with parental care and negatively with parental overprotection. Perceived social support showed positive relationship with coping. Perceived social support differed according to parent-child relationship type. The group of "affectionate constraint", high care and high overprotection, reported high perceived social support, but "affectionless control"(low care and high overprotection) reported low perceived social support. The group of high perceived social support showed higher parental care and higher coping than low one. The group of high coping showed higher parental care, lower parental overprotection and higher perceived social support than low one. Findings from this study linking retrospective accounts of early parental relationships to current working models concerning the nature of supportive relationships are consistent with attachment theory that individual who, as children, experienced relationships with their parents that were independent-encourage, affectionate, and not overprotective developed working models of others as available to provide social support. This study confirmed that perceived social support significantly related to coping in dealing with stress.
Key words: Parent-child relationship; Perceived social support; Coping
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